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SAMPLE ANSWERS
 
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HSC024- Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care
 
OUTCOME 5.1 Describe unsafe practices that may affect the well-being of individuals 
 
   This could include: 
 
     Staff shortages     
  •  Staff are too tired to do their job correctly ·     
  •   Staff “cutcorners” due to lack of time ·      
  •   Agency staff not knowing service users correct needs
     Lack of training     
  •  Inexperienced staff “acting up” in a senior role· 
  •  Staff not trained in their role correctly   
     Lack of correct equipment     
  • No PPEavailable ·    
  •  Equipment broken or unavailable

HSC037 - Promote and implement health and safety in health and social care
 
OUTCOME 5.Move and handle equipment and other objects safely.
 
  • Ensure you attend manual handling training on a regular basis 
  • Check the equipment is in a clean, safe working condition before use
  • Checkthe environment for obstructions, trip hazards
  • Avoid manual handling operations where reasonably practical 
  • Alwaysuse equipment that is provided
  • Wearappropriate footwear and clothing
  • Checkthe individuals care plan risk assessment
  • Communicate with the individual and other staff how the move will take place
  • Report any changes to the individuals mobility for risk assessment reassessment

SHC33 - Promote equality and inclusion in health social care or children's and young people's settings 
 
OUTCOME 1.2  Describe the potential effects of discrimination
 
Discrimination is the act of recognizing, seeing, and distinguishing differences and choosing to show prejudice and bias. It is the restrictive treatment of a person or group based on prejudiced assumptions of group characteristics, rather than on individual judgment. It is the denial of justice prompted by prejudice. Discrimination can be in the form of repeated mistreatment, verbal abuse, threats, humiliation, or intimidating behaviour or conduct. The effects of discrimination can be different to different people. These effects can be physical, emotional or both. In the short term it can cause an individual to become withdrawn, lose interest in their appearance, loss of confidence, feel depressed or hopeless, guilty, fearful, angry,  low self-esteem, feeling isolated, unwanted, insecurity, increased behaviour problems, anxiety, stressed and unable to cope. Physical effects could be headaches, difficulty communicating, poor appetite, a change in eating habits, sleeplessness, loss/gain of weight, deterioration of health, lack of personal hygiene, lack of energy. In the long term it can lead to reduced individual rights, restricted opportunities, limited access to services, mental illness caused by stress, lack of achievements, poor job prospects, lack of skills, loss of motivation, lack of interest in anything. 
 
SHC34 - PRINCIPLES FOR IMPLEMENTING DUTY OF CARE
 
OUTCOME 2.Describe potential conflicts and dilemmas that may arise between the duty of care and the individuals rights
 
Sometimes individuals may want to do something which could be a risk to their Health and safety. As a carer you have a duty of care to that person and you must do all that you can to keep them safe but you also have a duty to respect the individuals rights and choice, so you have a dilemma. It could be that the individual no longer wishes to use her walking frame, but her care plan states that she needs it to move from place to place and you are to ensure you encourage it’s use. In this scenario you could carry out a risk assessment to ensure that it is managed as safely as possible. You would need to explain the risks involved to the individual and make sure they understand.  You could come to a compromise, to use a stick for a while instead, to see how they managed, then monitor the situation. All this should be documented including any risk assessment carried out. If the individual still insists on walking unaided you should get them to sign to say they are aware of the risks involved. Another scenario could be that an individual refuses their medication. Remind them of why they take the medication and it’s benefits and again advise them of the risks involved in not taking their medication. If they still refuse ensure this is noted on their Medication administration record and reported in their communication notes and discussed at handover, so others aware if a problem occurs.  If the individual insists on doing something which is unsafe or risky that is their choice and you must respect their right, but you have a duty of care and must do all you can to keep them safe



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